Two Factor Theory

HERZBERG’S  MOTIVATION-HYGIENE THEORY(Two Factor Theory)   The psychologist Frederick Herzberg extended the work of Maslow and proposed a new motivation theory also known as Two factor theory. He conducted a research study of 200 accountants and engineers employed by firms in and around Western Pennsylvania. He asked these people to describe two important incidents at […]

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

MASLOW’S  NEED  HIERARCHY The most widely recognized theory of motivation is the needs hierarchy theory. Abraham Maslow suggested that people have a complex set of exceptionally strong needs, which can be arranged in a hierarchy. These needs are: Physiological needs The  physiological  needs  are  at the top  of the hierarchy    because   they tend  to  have […]

Job Satisfaction

Job Satisfaction Job satisfaction is an attitude that people have about their job. It is a set of favourable or unfavourable feelings and emotions with which employees view their work. Job satisfaction describes a positive feeling about a job resulting from an evaluation of its characteristics. Definition According to DuBrins Job satisfaction is the amount […]

Social Facilitation Effect

Social Facilitation Effect   Social facilitation effect refers to the tendency for performance to improve or decline in response to the presence of others. Though this tendency is applicable to individual performance also as some individuals do better in presence of some but poor in presence of some others. Because of operation of social facilitation […]

Group Dynamics

Group Dynamics The term group dynamics contains two terms : Group and Dynamics. Group is basically a collectivity of two or more persons. Dynamics comes from Greek word meaning force. Thus Groups Dynamics refers to the interaction of forces between group members in a social situation. Group Dynamics encompasses the dynamics of interaction patterns within […]

Organizational Behaviour

Organizational Behavior Concept Organisational Behaviour is concerned with that aspect of human behavior which is relevant for organizational performance. It studies human behavior at individual level, group level and organizational level. It applies the knowledge gained about individuals, groups and the effect of organization structure in behavior towards the end of making organizations work more […]

Code of Discipline

Code of Discipline In India, the problem of industrial discipline was debated by the Indian Labour Conference held in 1957. The Conference noted the alarming record of breach of discipline by employers and employees. A sub-committee was appointed to draft a model Code of Discipline which would be acceptable to all. A Code of Discipline […]

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