Job Analysis – Definition, Uses, Process, Techniques

Job Analysis Meaning, Definitions, Important terms, Features, Objectives, Uses, Process and Techniques   Meaning Job analysis is a formal and detailed examination of jobs. It is a systematic investigation of the tasks, duties and responsibilities necessary to do a job. Definitions According to US Labour  Job analysis is the process of determining, by observation and […]

Business Communication

Business Communication   Definition According  to Newstrom and Keith Davis- “Business Communication is a multi-dimensional, dynamic and interactive process that involves the effective transmission of facts, ideas, thoughts and systematic understanding of scientific theories and practical aspects.” Business Communication always has specialized content, specific audience, specific purpose, specific time and specific place. Features of Business Communication […]

Communication Process

Communication Process  The cycle of communication involves the following elements, which demonstrate the basic concept of communication process Communication Process Sender   —> Message  -> Encoding -> Channel —> Receiver —> Decoding -» Feedback (i) Sender/Communicator Communication process begins with the sender. The person who conveys the message is known as sender or communicator. The sender […]

IPR-Intellectual Property Rights

IPR-Intellectual Property Rights   Introduction Intellectual property (IP) is a legal field that refers to creations of the mind such as musical, literary, and artistic works; inventions; and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce, including copyrights, trademarks, patents, and related rights. Under intellectual property law, the holder of one of these abstract “properties” has certain […]

Public Finance

Public Finance Meaning,Nature and Scope    Meaning  The word public refers to general people and the word finance means resources. So Public Finance means resources of the masses,how they are collected and utilized.Thus, it is the branch of economics that studies the taxing and spending activities of government. It is that branch of general economics […]

Artificial Intelligence

Meaning, Definition and Applications of Artificial Intelligence   Meaning “Intelligence is a state of grasping the truth, involving reason, concerned with action about what is good or bad for human being”. “Artificial is, what is not real or natural”. We may term intelligence possessed by human beings as real intelligence because human beings develop this […]

Electronic Commerce

Electronic Commerce Meaning Electronic Commerce (e-Commerce) is a general concept covering any form of business transaction or information  exchange using information and communication technologies(ICTs). E –Commerce takes place between companies,between companies and their customers or between companies and public administrations.Electronic Commerce includes electronic trading of goods,services and electronic material. The e-commerce include: Electronic trading of […]

Negotiation Process & its Management

Negotiation Process & its Management Meaning Negotiation is a method by which people settle differences. It is a process by which compromise or agreement is reached while avoiding argument and dispute.In any disagreement, individuals understandably aim to achieve the best possible outcome for their position (or perhaps an organisation they represent). However, the principles of fairness, seeking […]

Public Speaking

Public Speaking   Public speaking (sometimes termed oratory or oration) is the process or act of performing a presentation (a speech) focused around an individual directly speaking to a live audience in a structured, deliberate manner in order to inform, influence, or entertain them. Public speaking is commonly understood as the formal, face-to-face talking of a single person to a group of listeners. Public […]

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