Roles of Management / Managerial Roles / Mintzberg’s Management Roles

Roles of Management / Managerial Roles / Mintzberg’s Management Roles


Roles of Management

Management roles depend on the formal authority which is delegated to the manager in an organization. The degree of authority determines his status and different role. In performing a particular role, the manager uses his skills and other characteristics.

Henry Mintzberg has identified 10 roles in three sets of functions that a manager has to perform. These are:

1. Interpersonal Roles

2. Informational Roles

3. Decisional Roles

Management roles

1. Interpersonal roles

Interpersonal roles of a manager are concerned with his interacting with other persons, both the organizational members and outsiders. A manager must have interpersonal skills necessary to create and maintain good interpersonal relations. Interpersonal roles include:

i. Figurehead

In this role, a manager performs duties of legal or ceremonial nature, such as welcoming visitors, giving testimonials to employees, and performing other similar roles.

ii. Leader

In the role of an effective leader,  a manager provides a dynamic leadership to his subordinates by guiding, instructing and motivating as well as maintaining healthy relations with them.

iii. Liaison

This is one of the important roles of a modern  manager. Performance of any organization largely depends on the relations among its different departments and branches. In this role, the manager establishes horizontal contacts among various departments and coordinates their activities. In today’s context, liaison officer is also responsible for external relations.

2. Informational Roles

This role is concerned with ensuring a smooth flow of required information. A manager tries to collect, furnish and disseminate relevant information within and outside the organization to facilitate its smooth functioning. Informational roles include:

i. Monitor

In this role, a manager receives and analyses information from outside and within the organization, and also transmits the same to appropriate people.

ii. Disseminator

The manager transmits the information to appropriate persons, both within and outside the organsiaiton. He disseminates information by mail, phone, meeting and other suitable media. In this way, he shares the information and experiences with others.

iii. Spokesperson

Here, the manager acts as a representative of the organization to transmit information to the outside world. He plays the role of a spokesperson with trade union, media, government officials and other. Thus, he provides information on behalf of the company.

3. Decisional Roles

This is the most relevant managerial role. A manager takes decisions on various aspects and gives judgements. Decision roles include:

i. Entrepreneur

A manager assumes the role of an entrepreneur when he initiates changes in the organization to bring about innovation and improvement in the existing methods or technology.

ii. Disturbance Handler

The manager acts as a troubleshooter and provides a speedy solution in a crisis. In case of an accident , breakdown of machines, dispute or conflict among employees, strike or lockout, loss of variable customers, failure of contracts etc. he is required to handle the situation swiftly and tactfully. He performs the role of a crisis manager.

iii. Resource allocator

The manager allocates resources- human, physical and financial to various organizational units according to their need.

iv. Negotiator

The manager negotiates with various interest groups in the organization. Such interest groups are shareholders, employees and outside agencies.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to top
You cannot copy content of this page. The content on this website is NOT for redistribution