Planning – Meaning, Nature, Features, Types, Process and Barriers

Measures for making Plan Effective

(i)Effective Climate

Managers should create a climate where every person in the organisation takes planning action. Every superior manager should remove obstacles to planning and present facilities for planning.

(ii) Initiative at Top level

The top management needs to take the responsibility of making plan effective. The drive, will and dynamism of the top management is the most important force to make effective plan.

(iii)    Subordinate’s    active    participation

It   is necessary, without their involvement the plan will not be effective . Planning committee can be formulated to seek their active involvement. Some ideas and suggestions can be asked and the flow of communication can be from downward to upward.

(iv) Need of proper understanding

Proper understanding of organizational policies and strategies may lead to effective Planning. It is  important for the people to understand the plan who have to execute it. Many plannign efforts fail becacuse managers do not really understand their goals and other planning premises which affect their planning efforts.

(v)     Integration of short terms and long term plans

It is necessary to integrate short term as well as long term plans to make it effective. If only short term plans are emphasized then the direction for future course of action cannot be set.

(vi)    An open system approach

Planning is considered to be more effective in an open system approach. It suggests that managers must take into account interactions with their total environment in every aspect of planning which makes the planning effective.

Therefore, planning is not a simple process but the process of many interactions and influences.

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