Posted on Jun 2 2018 - 11:12am by admin
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Sensitivity Training Sensitivity training also known as T-group approach  (T stands for training), laboratory training or encounter group. It evolved from group dynamics concept of Kurt Lewin. The first sensitivity training session was held in 1946 in State Teachers College, New Britain, USA. Since then it spread to numerous training centers in the USA and other...

Posted on May 26 2018 - 10:42pm by admin
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Nipah Virus- Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Nipah virus is an RNA virus that is part of the Paramyxovidae family that was first identified as a zoonotic pathogen after an outbreak involving severe respiratory illness in pigs and encephalitic disease in humans in Malaysia and Singapore in 1998 and 1999. Nipah virus can be transmitted to humans from animals (bats,...

Posted on May 18 2018 - 7:12pm by admin
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Leadership Styles Leadership is practiced by leadership style. James Stoner defines leadership style as “ Styles are the various patterns of behavior favoured by leaders during the process of directing and influencing workers.” Thus leadership style is a specific way, method or pattern of a leader to lead followers. It represents leader’s philosophy, skills...

Posted on May 7 2018 - 10:50pm by admin
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Leadership Theories There are many ways to understand leadership that has been developed in an attempt to explain why individuals become leaders and why some leaders are more effective than others. Many theoretical approaches are available to study leadership. Some important theories are discussed below: 1. Charismatic Leadership Theory Charismatic leadership theory can be traced back to ancient times. Subsequent studies based on these insights have suggested that ‘a leader is born and is not made’. A leader has some charisma which...

Posted on May 5 2018 - 10:12pm by admin
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Theory Z of Motivation Theory Z was developed by William Ouchi in 1981. It describes the major postulates of Japanese management practices and how these practices can be adopted to the environment of United States and other countries. It provides a complete transformation of motivational aspect of employees which other theories are not able to emphasize. It is not...

Posted on May 5 2018 - 12:48pm by admin
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McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor’s in his book “the human side of Enterprise” published in 1960, explained two different kinds of theories or assumptions about human behavior. They are theory X and theory Y. Theory X holds a negative (traditional) view of the workers while theory Y holds a much refined and positive view of workers. Theory...

Posted on May 3 2018 - 4:17pm by admin
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Equity Theory of Motivation Equity Theory was developed by James Stacy Adam. It was published in the journal, Experimental Social Psychology, 1965, New York titles ‘Inequality in Social Exchange’. The theory is also known as Adam’s Inequity Theory of Motivation. It is a cognitive-centered theory as it is basically concerned with the person himself, his beliefs,...

Vroom’s Expectancy Theory of Motivation Expectancy model was developed by Victor Vroom in 1964. Criticizing   the content   theories   of motivation   which  are based   on the needs  of people  and  their priority.   Vroom  has  presented    an  alternative    theory   which  is  based   on  motivation    process. Various...

Alderfer’s ERG Theory An extension of the Herzberg theory and Maslow’s need hierarchy theory comes from the work of Clayton Alderfer. He formulated a need category model that was more in line with the existing empirical evidence. Like Maslow and Herzberg, he does feel that there is value in categorizing needs and that there is a basic distinction between lower...

Posted on Apr 21 2018 - 12:17am by admin
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HERZBERG’S  MOTIVATION-HYGIENE THEORY(Two Factor Theory)   The psychologist Frederick Herzberg extended the work of Maslow and proposed a new motivation theory also known as Two factor theory. He conducted a research study of 200 accountants and engineers employed by firms in and around Western Pennsylvania. He asked these people to describe two important...