G.K Questions/General Knowledge Questions and Answers/Current Affairs

Posted on Dec 23 2019 - 5:55pm by admin

Daily G.K Questions/General Knowledge Questions and Answers/Current Affairs MCQs

In this section we upload questions related to General Knowledge/General Awareness/ Current Affairs on Daily basis for learner who are preparing for competitive exams . This page consists of multiple choice question and answers with explanation on Indian Polity and Economy, History of India including Indian National Movement, Indian and World Geography, Books and authors, Awards and Honours, General and day-to-day Science, etc. This quiz helps you to keep a watch on current happenings and may be useful for General Awareness part of IBPS Banking, SSC-CGL, Bank Clerical and other similar exams.

 

Which Ministry has launched ‘Stranded in India’ portal for foreign tourists?
(a)Ministry of Tourism
(b)Ministry of External Affairs
(c)Ministry of Home Affairs
(d)Ministry of Human Resource Development

Correct answer is option a ( Ministry of Tourism)

Explanation
The Union Ministry of Tourism has launched ‘Stranded in India’ portal to disseminate information to all foreign tourists who are stranded in India. The portal aims to act as a support network for foreign tourists stuck in various parts of the country due to lockdown.



Yodhavu’ (Warrior), a mobile application for curbing drug menace, is an initiative of which state?
(a) Kerala
(b) Haryana
(c) Telangana
(d) Punjab

Correct answer is option a (Kerala).

Explanation
‘Yodhavu’ (Warrior), a mobile app through which the public can inform police about drug abuse and its distribution, was launched by Chief Minister of Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan as part of efforts to curb the growing menace in the State. The Police Department of Kochi, Kerala has introduced the application, through which the public can inform police about drug abuse and distribution of drugs. The identity of the informer would be kept secret, according to the police. A cyberdom cyber crime police station was also inaugurated by the Chief Minister.


Who is the First Asian to receive Nobel Prize?
(a) C.V. Raman
(b) Rabindranath Tagore
(c) Leo Esaki
(d) Hideki Yukawa

Correct answer is option b (Rabindranath Tagore).

Explanation

The first Asian recipient, Rabindranath Tagore, was awarded the Literature Prize in 1913 for his collection Gitanjali. The most Nobel Prizes awarded to Asians in a single year was in 2014, when five Asians became laureates. The most recent Asian laureates, Japanese scientist Akira Yoshino and Indian economist Abhijit Banerjee were awarded their prizes in 2019.

Who has been appointed as the head of the trust that will oversee the construction of a Ram temple in Ayodhya?
(a) K. Parasaran
(b) Manoj Das
(c) Pratibha Ray
(d) Acharya Balkrishna

Correct answer is option a ( K. Parasaran)

Explanation

K. Prasaran is the Senior Supreme Court lawyer and former Attorney General of India , who successfully fought the Ayodhya land dispute case for the Hindu parties. The Central Government in 2019 appointed him to lead the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust. The trust will oversee the construction of Ram Temple in Ayodhya.


What is the theme of the World Sustainable Development Summit, 2020?
(a) Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count
(b) Sustainable Energy across the world
(c) Attaining SDG before 2030
(d) Energy and Resources for all

Correct answer is option a ( Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count)

Explanation

The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) is The Energy and Resources Institute’s annual event. The theme of the 2020 edition of the Summit is ‘Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count’. The World Sustainable Development Summit brings together Nobel laureates, political leaders, decision-makers from bilateral and multilateral institutions, business leaders, high-level functionaries from the diplomatic corps, scientists and researchers, media personnel, and members of civil society; on a common platform to deliberate on issues related to sustainable development.


Name the country that has completely phased out Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, one of the most potent ozone depleting chemical .
(a)  India

(b)  United States

(c)  Japan

(d)  Russia

Correct answer is option a (India).

Explanation

India has successfully achieved the complete phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, which is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises and one of the most potent ozone depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) .(HCFC)-141 b is used mainly as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams. HCFC-141b is not produced in the country and all the domestic requirements are met through imports. With this notification, prohibiting the import of HCFC-141 b, the country has completely phased out the important ozone depleting chemical. Simultaneously, the use of HCFC-141 b by foam manufacturing industry has also been closed as on 1st January, 2020 under the Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Control) Amendment Rules, 2014.


When is National Voter’s Day celebrated in India?
(a) 21st January
(b) 25th January
(c) 28th January
(d) 31st January

Correct answer is option b (25th January)

Explanation
In order to encourage more young voters to take part in the political process, Government of India has decided to celebrate January 25 every year as “National Voters’ Day” or “Rashtriya Matdata Diwas” . It has been started from January 26, 2011 to mark Commission’s foundation day.


Which Indian monument has been included in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s ‘ 8 Wonders of SCO’ list?
(a) India Gate
(b) Mysore Palace
(c) Taj Mahal
(d) Ajanta Caves
(e) Statue of Unity

The correct answer is option e (Statue of Unity).

Explanation
The Statue of Unity is a colossal statue of Indian statesman and independence activist Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950), who was the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home minister of independent India and the chief adherent of Mahatma Gandhi during the non-violent Indian Independence movement. Patel was highly respected for his leadership in uniting the 562 princely states of India to form the single Union of India. It is located in the state of Gujarat, India. It is the world’s tallest statue with a height of (597 ft) 182 metres. It is located on a river facing the Sardar Sarovar Dam on river Narmada in Kevadiya colony, 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of the city of Vadodara and 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Surat.
It was designed by Indian sculptor Ram V. Sutar, and was inaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31 October 2018, the 143rd birth anniversary of Patel. It has been included in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s ‘8 Wonders of SCO’ list. SCO is an alliance of eight nations i.e. Russia, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan,Tajikistan, India and Pakistan. It aims to promote tourism among it’s eight member nations


Which Union Ministry is set to launch a program for development of eastern states called ‘Purvodaya’?
(a) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
(b) Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
(c) Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel
(d) Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Correct answer is option c (Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel)

Explanation
Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launched PURVODAYA: Accelerated development of eastern India through integrated steel hub in Kolkata, West Bengal.


What is a “Shopper”, which was sometimes seen in news recently?
(a) Malware
(b) E-Commerce Website
(c) Robot
(d) Satellite

Correct answer is option a (Malware).

Explanation
Malware is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server, client, or computer network (by contrast, software that causes unintentional harm due to some deficiency is typically described as a software bug). A wide variety of types of malware exist, including computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, and scareware.
There’s a new malware, dubbed, ‘Shopper’ that’s boosting popular shopping app ratings and installations. The malware is known as ‘Trojan-Dropper. AndroidOS.Shopper.a’.The malware gives hackers the access to spread ads, write fake reviews and install apps without the user’s knowledge. The ‘Shopper’ malware keeps flashing ads every time the screen is unlocked by the user. India stood at third position as the most impacted country from ‘Shopper’ Malware.


Which State has recently adopted a new Logo for its Legislative Assembly, which consists of Foxtail Orchid?
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Assam
Correct answer is option b (Arunachal Pradesh).

Explanation
The Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly adopted a new logo, reflecting the distinct identity and culture of the state.The new logo consists of the national emblem and foxtail orchid (Rhynchostylis Retusa), the state flower.
The symbol of national emblem signifies the federal system of the Indian Constitution while the foxtail orchid represents the state, its people and culture as a whole, while the blue colour denotes the autonomy of the assembly secretariat.


Vishwa Hindi Diwas/World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on :
(a) 11th November
(b) 9th December
(c) 10th January
(d) 9th February

Correct answer is option c ( 10th February).

Explanation
The day commemorates the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference held in Nagpur of January 10, 1975, which saw 122 delegates from 30 countries participating in it. The aim of the conference was to promote Hindi language worldwide.
World Hindi Day was first celebrated in 2006 by former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh with an aim to promote Hindi language across the world.
*Note : There is difference between World Hindi Day and National Hindi Divas
World Hindi Day is celebrated to promote Hindi language at the global stage, whereas, National Hindi Divas is observed across the country.
The National Hindi Divas is observed to mark adaptation of Hindi written in Devanagari script as the Official Language of the Union by the Constituent Assembly on September 14, 1949.


Which state government has started a project to save paper by using digital medium for administrative work?
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Kerala
(c) Odisha
(d) West Bengal

Correct answer is option d (West Bengal).

Explanation

The West Bengal Government has initiated a project to save paper, and thus conserve the environment, by using the digital medium for administration work as much as possible. The project has already been running at the State secretariat, Nabanna, for some time now. Efforts are being made to recycle the paper used for administrative purposes.


Who will be the 33rd Foreign Secretary of India?
(a) Vijay Keshav Gokhale
(b) Harsh Vardhan Shringle
(c) R N Balakrishna
(d) T. S. Trimurti

Correct answer is option b ( Harsh Vardhan Shringle) 

Explanation

Harsh Vardhan Shringla is an Indian diplomat and the current Indian Ambassador to the United States. He is the 33rd Foreign Secretary of India and will assume charge on 29 January 2020.The current and 32nd Foreign Secretary is Vijay Keshav Gokhale whose term is going to end on January 29, 2020.


When is “Good Governance Day” observed?
(a) December 22
(b) December 23
(c) December 24
(d) December 25

Correct answer is option d (December 25).

Explanation

Good Governance Day (सुशासन दिवस) is observed in India annually on the twenty-fifth day of December, the birth anniversary of former-Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Good Governance Day was established in 2014 to honor Prime Minister Vajpayee by fostering awareness among the Indian people of accountability in government.
In keeping with this principle, the Government of India has decreed Good Governance Day to be a working day for the government. On 23 December 2014, the ninety-year old former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) were announced as recipients of India’s highest civilian award for merit, the Bharat Ratna, by Indian President Pranab Mukherjee.Following the announcement, the newly elected administration of Prime Minister Narendra Modi established that the birth anniversary of the former Prime Minister would be henceforth commemorated annually in India as Good Governance Day.


Who has become the first Indian musician to have minor planet named after him?
(a) Parveen Sultana
(b) Pandit Jasraj
(c) Kumar Gandharva
(d) Prabha Atre
(e) Brij Raj

Correct answer is option b ( Pandit Jasraj).

Explanation 

Sangeet Martand Pandit Jasraj (born 28 January 1930) is an Indian classical vocalist, belonging to the Mewati gharana (musical apprenticeship lineage). His musical career has spanned more than 80 years and led to numerous major awards. His performances of classical and semi-classical vocals have become albums and film soundtracks. Jasraj has taught music in India, Canada and the US. Some of his students have in turn become notable musicians. Pandit Jasraj has been bestowed with a surreal, rare and a universal honour from International Astronomical Union (IAU). Minor Planet 2006 VP32 (Number – 300128) discovered on November 11, 2006, has been named as ‘Panditjasraj.’


Hirakud Dam, one of world’s longest earthen dams is located in which among the following states?
(a) Andhra Pradesh
(b) Odisha
(c) Karnataka
(d) West Bengal

Correct answer is option b (Odisha).

Explanation

Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) long. It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley projects started after India’s independence. It is India’s largest dam. It is also  fourth largest dam in the world. It also forms the biggest artificial lake in India.


World Meteorological day is celebrated on:
(a) March 23rd
(b) March 24th
(c) April 23rd
(d) April 24th

Correct answer is option a ( March 23rd)

Explanation
World Meteorological Day takes place every year on 23rd March and commemorates the coming into force on 23rd March 1950 of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization. This organization announces a slogan for World Meteorology Day every year, and this day is celebrated in all member countries. The theme for 2019 was “The Sun, the Earth and the Weather”.
WMO Executive Council has selected the following themes for the upcoming celebrations of World Meteorological Day:
• 2020: “Climate and Water”, which will align with the theme of World Water Day 2020, focusing on climate change and water
• 2021 (proposed): “The ocean, our climate and weather” in conjunction with the launch of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable

 

 

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