Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management
Henry Fayol (1841-1925) was a French mining engineer ; director of mines who developed general theory of business administration. He was the most influential contributor to modern concept of management. He proposed the five primary functions of management (Planning, Organising, Controlling, Directing, Coordination). And also given the 14 principles of Management.
1.Division of Work
- Division of work in the management process produces increased and improved performance with the same effect.
- Different functions of management cannot be performed by a single manger efficiently.
- So, different works should be allocated to different different managers who are specialist in that.
2. Authority and Responsibility
- Formal authority is derived from the official position of a manager. It refers to the power to give the commands to the subordinates.
- Responsibility refers to be responsible for the effects of decision taken or activities performed by a manager.
Discipline is necessary for the smooth functioning of a business.
- These are rules and regulation established for smooth functioning of organisation.
- The measures of maintaining discipline are transparency, regularity, unbiased and rational approach.
4.Unity of Command
- Every employee should receive orders only from one superior. There should be clear cut chain of command.
- There may be hierarchy of management level but a manager at superior level should not give commands directly to the worker.
- It must be given through proper channel.
5. Unity of Direction
- Unity of directions means complete congruency between individual and organisational goals on the one hand whereas between departmental and organisational goals on the other.